Vicuña Yarn – Guide To This Yarn Material & Best Uses

By Jodie Morgan

| Updated:

Looking for a luxurious, high-end yarn? Vicuña yarn is the most expensive commercial yarn in the world. I explore what vicuña yarn is, and ways to use it for knitting.

Vicuna Yarn Feat Img

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I reviewed, fact checked and updated this post on May 16, 2023.

Table Of Contents

What Is Vicuña Yarn?

It’s an animal fiber sold at very expensive prices. This fiber isn’t widely available because it’s rare and expensive, however it’s warm, soft, insulating, and non-irritating. It’s often considered the finest fiber in the world and it’s great for luxurious winter accessories.

It’s usually only available in its natural color, a rich cinnamon brown. Some companies have a small range of other colors.

Where It Comes From

Vicuñas (Vicugna vicugna)(2) are small, wild animals that live in the Andes Mountains of South America. Vicuñas live in Peru and Chile, and they’re herbivores.(4) In the 1960s, they were placed on the Endangered species list.

Now, in modern times, they’re a protected species. Their fleece is shorn every two years and sold for a high price, a process which is managed by the Peruvian Government.

How It’s Made Into Yarn

Vicuna wool is often made into yarn by hand. A single vicuña produces only about a pound of wool when shorn. The process is time-consuming and expensive, which is part of the reason the yarn is so pricey. The fibers are first gathered and sorted. Then they’re cleaned and spun into yarn.

They’ve been used to make fabric since ancient times. It was a law that only the Incan Royalty could wear the vicuña’s wool.

How To Wash Vicuña Yarn

Here are the care instructions for vicuña fibers.

  • Wash by hand in cool water with a mild detergent
  • Lay flat to dry away from direct sunlight

Always check the yarn label for instructions specific to the yarn you’re using.

Does It Shrink When Washed?

Vicuña yarn is resistant to shrinking when hand washed.

Pin For Later

Vicuna Yarn Pin

What Do You Use It For?

It’s often used for projects and things like: luxurious winter accessories like gloves, hats and cowls, a scarf, or special occasion items. In the clothing industry it’s used in high-end garments and clothing like coats.(3) I wouldn’t recommend making a knitted coat or sweater because it’ll be so expensive!

Though if you can afford it, it might be worth it for its exceptionally warm softness, and wonderful wearing qualities. A single skein is usually in a small yarn weight with little yardage. Don’t use sharp needles as it could damage the fibers.

Here is a video tutorial by Norman from NimbleNeedles on what it’s like knitting with this fiber. 

He chose to knit a gorgeous pair of gloves I’m sure he’ll treasure forever!

Where To Find It

Here’s where to find this expensive wool: online from Windy Valley Muskox, Shepherd Textiles, and Knit Stars offers AMANO Vicuña Boxes.

What’s The Price Like? Vicuña yarn is expensive! Many consider it the most precious fiber in the world. Its unique properties make it more pricey than silk, cashmere, and fiber from alpacas.

Sometimes it’s blended in skeins with one or more of the three.

Here’s a video by Business Insider on why it’s so expensive.

At the time of writing the price tag was $300 USD for 1oz/28g!

Interesting Facts

Want to know some fascinating tidbits about this material? Impress your friends with these.

  • The vicuña is the smallest camelid in the world.
  • They’re considered a sacred animal by the Inca people and are often called “the golden fleece.” 
  • Only royalty of the Inca could wear it
  • Vicuñas were on the brink of extinction in the 1970s but have since been brought back. They’re now carefully managed
  • The strand has a micron count of 12-14 – the lowest of all natural fibers, which means it’s the finest fiber
  • For a while, it was more expensive than pure gold!
  • It was used for sports sweaters and outwear in the early 20th century(1)

FAQS About Vicuña Yarn

Is Vicuña Yarn Safe For Babies?

I wouldn’t recommend knitting baby items with this yarn, it’s super expensive. You’ll want to knit something that’ll be worn and treasured for years to come.

Is Vicuña Yarn Ethical & Eco-Friendly?

The vicuña is a protected species, and it’s illegal to kill them. Their fleece is shorn every two years. They live in the wild, and when it’s shearing time, they’re gently caught. People harvest the wool by shearing them. They’re released as soon as the shearing has finished.

Is Vicuna Yarn Itchy?

No, it’s not itchy because the fibers are so fine. It is incredibly soft against your skin.

Is Vicuña Yarn Good For Clothes?

Yes, it’s good for clothes because it’s insulating and doesn’t shrink. The price of the yarn may make you think twice about knitting a garment!

Is Vicuña Yarn Good For Winter? 

Yes, this extremely fine wool is good for winter because it’s so warm and soft.

Is Vicuña Yarn Good For Summer?

No, vicuña wool isn’t good for summer because it’s too warm.

Do Vicuña Yarns Pill?

Animal fibers will pill in high abrasion areas.

Can You Dye Vicuña Yarns?

You can, but I don’t recommend it as vicuna yarn is delicate, so it’s better left untreated.

Is Vicuna Wool Waterproof?

No, it’s not waterproof, however, it’s water-resistant.

Vicuna Wool Vs Cashmere

Vicuna wool is often compared to cashmere because they’re both soft, luxurious fibers. Vicuna wool is the finest fiber in the world with a micron count of 12-14. Cashmere has a micron count of 15-19. Vicuna wool is more expensive and more delicate than cashmere.

Is Vicuña Softer Than Cashmere?

Yes, it is, though it doesn’t have the beautiful lofty halo cashmere does.

Which Is A Better Wool, Qiviut Or Vicuna?

Qiviut fiber is the wool from a muskox, and it’s eight times warmer than vicuna wool, and less expensive.

Vicuna Vs Alpaca Wool

While vicuna is the softest and most expensive fiber in the world, alpaca is a more affordable luxurious fiber with many unique properties.


If you’ve knitted with this yarn, I’d love to hear about it. Do you have questions? Please leave them below!


  1. “Ball of Fleisher’s ‘Vicuna’ Yarn; 1918.” n.d. National Museum of American History. Accessed October 28, 2022.
  2. Vilá, Bibiana, Yanina Arzamendia, and Verónica Rojo. 2021. “Vicuñas (Vicugna Vicugna), Wild Andean Altiplano Camelids.” Case Studies in the Environment 4 (1): 1232692.
  3. Osborne, De, and Claudia Heard. 1960. “Vicuna Coat.”
  4. “Vicugna Vicugna (Vicugna).” n.d. Animal Diversity Web. Accessed October 28, 2022.

About The Author

Jodie Morgan From Knit Like Granny

Jodie Morgan (Author & Founder) | Lives In: Regional Australia

Author: Jodie Morgan is a passionate knitter and blogger with 40+ years of experience currently living in regional Australia. Taught by her mother and wonderful grandmother “Mama”, she fell in love with crafting from a young age. When she’s not knitting, you’ll find her enjoying a cup of coffee with cream, or sharing helpful resources and tips with the online knitting community. Get to know Jodie and the team on our meet the team page.

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