Learning different knitting stitches is such fun! As a beginner you start with the basic knit and purl stitches. Then you can advance to all sorts of interesting and beautiful knit stitches. Here are some of the most popular knit stitch patterns and how to do them. Happy Knitting!
Knit Stitch Summary: 66 Different Types of Knitting Stitches
Here are the stitches in the stitch knitting library in alphabetical order. Click on the links to see a description of what they’re good for, and a tutorial.
While there’s over 350 stitches to choose from, we’ve selected the best.(2)
Intermediate Knitting Stitches
- Diamond Honeycomb
- Diagonal Seed
- Double Moss
- Easy Lace Stitch
- Irish Moss
- Large Stacked Triangle
- Little Granite
- Tiles Stitch
- Tile Squares
- Wide Basket Weave
- Basket Loop
- Chevron Seed
- Chinese Wave
- Cut Diagonal
- Diamond Brocade
- Diagonal Chevron Zigzag
- Double Fleck
- Embossed Leaf
- Lattice Seed
- Little Raindrops
- Long Raindrops
- Ornamental Daisy
- Pennant Pleating
- Pique Triangle
- Sea Foam Wave
- Spring Bobble
- Tumbling Moss
- Wide Chevron Zig Zag
- Zig Zag
I reviewed, fact checked and updated this post on May 17, 2023.
What Are The Basic Stitches & Stitch Patterns In Knitting?
The most basic stitches in knitting are the knit and purl stitch. There’s evidence to show former has been around since the 5th Century!(1)
These two main stitches in knitting are essential for beginners to learn. The more you repeat doing knit and purl stitches, the more confident you’ll become.
Here are some of the most common knit & purl patterns. Each with video tutorials, or detailed information in the example with written instructions in the stitch pattern guide.
Do you have an interest in practicing these options in a small size swatch piece? I recommend using a size US 7 wood or plastic knitting needles and some kind of worsted weight basic knitting yarn like acrylic, wool, or cotton.
Use a bright colored yarn, so you can see the stitches. Darker colors are difficult to see.) Use affordable yarn brands with options at a lower price, as they’re good for practicing.
Try a brand shop like Knit Picks. Many of their products (like thread and yarn) and tools in various sizes are affordable, and rated five stars. Sometimes yarns are on sale, and they offer free shipping. You need an account to purchase from them. Always test your gauge to save you more hassle.
Some stitch methods have different characteristics when you knit in the round.
There are also other groups of knitting stitch patterns, like eyelet knitting stitches, brioche knitting stitches, rib knitting stitches (the rib stitch), broken rib stitch – (the broken rib doesn’t have the same amount of horizontal stretch as regular rib), purl rib stitch, 1 rib stitch, 2 rib stitch, twisted rib stitches, rib stitches are used for cuffs and neck band. There are cable twisted stitches, and cable knitting stitches.
Note: There are also loom/machine (tuck) stitches, but they’re not covered in this post’s content. This talks about hand knitting. It’s also difficult to recreate these stitches in crochet. I reviewed and updated this post on Feb 13, 2023.
Garter Stitch – Excellent For Beginners
Garter stitch is the most common of the different knitting stitches out there, and the one you should learn first. The knit garter stitch is the foundation of all other ones.
It’s not just for beginners, as more advanced people love this stitch type for simple garments. It’s a knitter’s favorite! Garter stitch is used in techniques and designs for childrens’ and baby clothes, cowls, mittens, beanies, home decor, and cardigans.
It’s easy because it returns the same result with any number of stitches. Great for a beginner! (Start the row with a loose slip stitch for neater edges.) The name of these knit stitch patterns comes from the stretchy, elastic bands used to hold up stockings. Creates a stretchy textured fabric.
- Method – Use k1 for every row.
- Abbreviation – g st
- AKA – Plain Stitch
Here’s my free knitting video tutorial.
Seed Stitch: Combination of Knit Purl
These knit stitch patterns are combinations of alternating knit purl stitches to create an interesting texture. One row is k1, p1 and the other row is p1, kl and this is simply repeated. Looks lovely as part of dishcloths designs, interesting jackets.
You can cast on even number of stitches or an odd number of stitches. It doesn’t matter. Good for a gift too! AKA – Sand Stitch, Dot Stitch. In my swatch above, I use a garter stich border for the sides.
Another basic one, this is probably the most recognizable. “Knit” is on the right side of the fabric and “purl” is on the wrong side of the fabric. (The knit ones look like a v when you work them.) Remember the edges curl.
Using two stitches, it’s often used as a background for complex designs, colorwork items, or motifs. Simple hats are quick to knit up using stockinette stitch, particularly when knitting in the round.
- Method For The Stockinette Stitch
- Knit one row, purl the next row, repeat until you reach your desired length.
- Abbreviation – St st
- AKA – Stocking stitch
Reverse Stockinette Stitch -Using Knit & Purl
This is the same as stockinette, but the pattern is made in the reverse order. You get the purl stitches on the right side and the knit stitches on the other. It’d make lovely things like a top or cowl. I created a cowl in mohair/silk yarn pictured above using the reverse stockinette stitch. It’s like wearing a cloud around your neck!
- Method – Purl one row (the first row), knit the second row, continue until you reach your desired length.
- Abbreviation – Rev St st
- AKA – Reverse Stocking Stitch
Knit – Intermediate Knitting Stitches
Now for the rest of the stitches. Again, they’re organized by category and in alphabetical order to make it easier for you to find a stitch pattern to try.
Andalusian Knitting Stitch
These have a vintage twist on the classic stockinette. It’s named after a region in Southern Spain.
Bamboo Stitch Pattern
I made a beautiful infinity scarf for a Japanese friend using this pattern. It creates a thick and cozy fabric. Some designers use this for a fisherman’s sweater or cardigan.
An elegant stitch pattern resembling bamboo stalks uses slipped stitches and yarn overs. This stitch uses a lot of yarn, and looks lovely with garter hems.
A unique stitch creating a woven look without being super complicated. Again, the basketweave stitch is a combination of knit stiches and purl stitches.
A lovely, if slightly complicated raised stitch pattern! A great way to bring life to simple projects. (AKA: Bubble stitch.)
Diamond Honeycomb Stitch
A beautiful diamond-shaped pattern using slipped stitches to create a look reminiscent of honeycomb. Create lovely pieces of work for your family or friends with knitted diamonds.
Diagonal Seed Stitch
A textured variant of the seed stitch. Each lot of slanting rows on the material are pleasing to the eye.
Double Moss Stitch
A variant of the seed stitch, the Double Moss stitch is a textured and durable pattern is perfect for garments like hats and face cloths.
Easy Two Row Repeat Lace Stitch
This is a great beginner lace knit stitch pattern. It gives you practice with yarn overs on both a knit row and purl row. A great introduction to lace knitting stitches. Thanks to So Wooly,
A triangle pattern using a variant of stockinette to create the little flag shapes. This version would make an excellent motif.
A textured stitch resembling little interlocking chains of boulders.
This brioche-inspired pattern takes its name from its similiarity to beehives.
Irish Moss Stitch
Often confused with seed stitch, the moss stitch knit stitch patterns are equally beautiful, but a different pattern entirely. Follow the tutorial with step-by-step instructions. Makes a lovely design for washcloths.
Large Stacked Triangle Stitch
This simple-looking and beautiful pattern is a bit difficult, but it’s worth it for the lovely results. It produces what looks like alternating large triangles. These fabrics are great for pillows, a baby blanket, and bags. (The structure is a little fiddly because of all the decreases and increases.)
A simple knitting pattern producing an appearance reminiscent of linen fabric, hence its name the linen stitch. Adds some lovely sophistication to any method.
Little Granite Stitch
A great way to make an intricate design with a few stitches. It creates the impression of small bumps (granites) in horizontal bars on the body of the fabric.
Netted Stitch: More Open
An interesting texture created with a variety of purl stitch patterns, knitting stitches together, and yarnovers. This makes an open lattice-style fabric resembling lace or cobwebs.
It creates rows of raised diamond shapes bordered by stockinette sections. This 8-Row repeat pattern looks complicated but is a simple combination of knits and purls.
This repeating pattern alternates knitting and purling. I recommended it for big knitting projects such as blankets, sweaters, shawls, or throws.
Tile Squares Stitch
It’s nearly identical to the previous stitch. Still, it creates a tiled pattern of squares with a divider of garter every few sections.
A lovely textured pattern resembling the surface of a waffle, hence the name! It would be great for a sweater.
Wide Basket Weave Stitch
This stitch is similar to the classic basket weave. The alternating “weave” knitting patterns are much wider than usual.
Knit – Advanced Knitting Stitches
Want to level up your skills and become a pro? Try these series of stitches! Though they may be difficult at first, the trick is patience and lots of practice.
Basket Loop Stitch
A unique spin on the classic basket weave. Instead of straight lines ‘woven’, the vertical ones are straight, and the horizontal ones are curved.
A lovely, playful pattern with a 3D texture.
A slightly complicated pattern repeat involving slipped stitch to create the look of pretty butterflies fluttering across the fabric!
This textured pattern gets its name from the resemblance of a caterpillar. It uses lines of garter interspersed between stockinette stitches. The lines look a bit like ruffles or waves on the fabric.
Chevron Seed Stitch
This stitch produces a wavy pattern like zigzags or raised seeds. It’s called chevron seed because it’s similar in appearance to seed stitching.
Chinese Wave Stitch
A pretty wavy pattern resembling waves of water. The mesh design would make a great produce bag for shopping!
Want to create something knitted that looks like it’s woven? Try using this technique to make a woven knitted fabric.
Cut Diagonal Stitch
This produces diagonal ribbing lines from one side of the fabric to another in alternating directions, and it’s reversible too!
A pretty, flower-inspired design perfect for springtime knits! Great for beginners looking to try something a little more challenging. A lovely textured stitch pattern
Diamond Brocade Stitch
A lovely repeating diamond pattern bordered by a beaded rib stitch look.
Diagonal Chevron Zigzag Stitch
The diagonal zigzag stitch is a combination of knit and purl stitches. An inventive pattern for socks or afghans! Advanced beginners will love doing this.
It produces unusual alternating diagonal lines from one edge of the fabric that’s wavy in appearance.
Double Fleck Stitch
This produces a feature of small alternating rectangular knitting patterns in a checkerboard fashion. A simple-looking but timeless texture.
Embossed Leaf Stitch
This is a unique, textured pattern. It produces an amount of small, raised bumps resembling the surface of leaves. Here’s a tutorial.
Spruce up a simple stockinette pattern with flower motifs!
Garter Checkerboard Stitch
A unique pattern alternating stockinette and garter stitch. This is one of several variations of the classic basic stitch. The result is a checkerboard-like fabric with raised bumps. I love how it plays with textures and shape. Flat ridges in the middle. It’s reversible too!
Fancy Diamond Stitch
A pretty, raised diamond pattern. It looks like a complex design but is great for intermediate knitters. Here is an excellent tutorial.
This pattern is similar to the basket stitch, but it produces raised lines resembling small alternating diagonal flecks. It’s popular for garments, home décor, and blankets.
This stitch produces raised vertical lines and flat ridges in between, hence the name hurdle.
Lattice Seed Stitch
This pattern looks like a lattice window, hence the name. In between the latticing is the seed stitches texture. It’d be great for scarves and shawls or other accessories.
Little Raindrops Stitch
This creates a wavy, raindrop-looking pattern. It’s great for garments or pillows as it’s not reversible. Here’s a great tutorial page by Kristen McDonnell. She has many excellent tips.
Long Raindrops Stitch
Similar to the previous pattern, this one is also not reversible and produces wavy lines with a droplet-like appearance. Use any yarn materials you like in your knitting!
A vintage, airy fabric perfect for knitting produce bags for your shopping trips!
This lovely, floral-inspired creation adds a little interest to garter backgrounds.
This produces a lattice-like pattern with parallelograms instead of blocks.
Pennant Pleating Stitch Knitting
This stitch pattern produces an interlocking triangle texture with ridges.
Pique Triangle Stitch
The Pique stitch creates a 3D effect of miniature triangles by alternating knit and purl stitches. The triangles are knit in stocking stitch, which showcases their details.
Who says you need to learn another craft when you can achieve the same effect using a fiber art you’re already familiar with? Try this stitch.
A textured, staggered bobble stitch resembling a raspberry. A great way to add dimension to various projects. It’s also called Trinity Stitch or Blackberry Stitch. I enjoyed making the above dishcloth incorporating this stitch.
Sea Foam Wave Stitch
A beautiful dropped stitch with a lovely texture!
Spring Bobble Stitch
A lovely springtime-themed twist on the classic bobble stitch.
A lovely, if slightly complicated stitch pattern.
A stitch design involving slipped stitches to create something truly unique.
Tumbling Moss Block Stitch
A great texture for garments, this stitch produces a dense knit of tumbling blocks resembling moss. It’d look lovely in a green yarn!
Wide Chevron Zigzag Stitch
This produces a chevron-like stitch pattern with repeating zigzag lines horizontally across the fabric. It’s a lovely look! Here’s how.
This produces rows of knit stitches and purl stitches. The result is an elegant, lattice-like fabric resembling a windowpane. Here is an excellent tutorial.
Zig Zag Stitch
This uniquely shaped stitch is an interesting twist on the classic garter texture.
Knit – Cable Knitting Stitches
Basic Cable Stitch
This is a knitting technique where you twist the stitches intentionally to create a variety of wonderfully textured knits. The end result of this repeat stitch is lovely. Here’s a basic one to try, though it gets quite fiddly! I love cabling.
Diagonal Basketweave Stitch
A slightly complicated variant on the basketweave, but the result is beautiful. The selvage edges are garter stitch. This uses skills beyond the knitting basics and will add to your knitting techniques.
A delightfully simple cable kniting pattern using the PC2R cable, purl and knit stitch. Here’s my tutorial on how to do it. Two rows are repeated and you knit every alternate row.
There are so many different types of knitting stitches out there! (Others include Fair Isle and Norwegian knitting.) Hope you enjoyed this list of knowledge and found your favorite new stitch to practice. Happy knitting and have fun learning new knitting skills!
If there’s a knitting stitch pattern I forgot to add, please let me know in the comments. (Your email address is never published.)
Pin For Later
- Chamberlain, John. “Modern knitting stitches.” Journal of the Textile Institute Proceedings 25, no. 6 (1934): P197-P206.
- Turner, Sharon. Knitting Stitches VISUAL Encyclopedia. Vol. 28. John Wiley & Sons, 2011.
All the stitches look very interesting, and I would like to learn them in the future. However, I am in the process of making a sweater and I am where I’m beginning to do the armholes but I would like to what p.s.s.o. is and how to do it, and pattern to last 4 stitches. I am asking because it has been a very long time since I have made a sweater. Any help would be appreciated.
Hi Vickie. Thanks for your question. PSSO means pass the slip stitched over. Depending on your pattern, it may be a double decrease or one decrease. Here is a link to Very Pink Knits who has helpful knitting tutorials on Youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QTYc54b_RBo Stacy shows both ways a PSSO can occur. Hope this helps. Cheers Jodie
Hi from Canada; I’m am Grams and have been asked to knit a baby blanket for my daughter who found a wonderful and beautiful blanket on the internet Pintrest. I am a basic knitter and can follow a pattern but have no idea when it comes to the diamond, seed/moss stitch/cable stitch combo.
Hi Stacey. It is a lovely textured blanket. I would also need a pattern to be able to knit this design too! I would recommend finding a pattern you can follow even though it may not be this exact design. I took a quick look at baby blanket patterns using seed stitch and cables but haven’t found one similar to the link you sent. It may take a bit a looking. Cheers Jodie
Found a vest pattern on Ravelry using hammer stitch. Couldn’t find info on net on hammer stitch. I’m a pretty basic knitter-simple things. What can you tell me about hammer stitch? Thanks.
This is new to me.
Have you seen a chart or written instructions within the pattern for the vest to show how knitting this hammer stitch is created?
I am assuming it is a repeated pattern but not sure.
Hi Jacki. I am not familiar with this stitch. I too could not find it anywhere. I will get in touch via email. Cheers Jodie
I’m stuck on a pattern using cr.3lt ; I find it very tricky purling into the back of third stitch and then knitting front of 1st and 2nd stitches. Wonder if anyone knows how to easily do this?
Hi Heather. Thanks so much for sending more details through so I could help you. I’ve worked out that you can rearrange stitches to complete cr.3lt and cr.3rt without a cable needle and not having to purl into the back of a purl stitch. I wrote some instructions in a post. Search for How To Knit The Cable Stitches Cr.3rt and Cr.3lt – My Tutorial on my site search bar.
I would like to knit these 2 stitches: cr.3lt and cr.3rt but finding it extremely difficult. I get a hole between the third stitch and 1st and 2nd stitches and so not convinced I have interpreted the method correctly. Can’t find any reference to these stitches on the web either.
The cr.3lt is explained thus: cross 3 left, p into back of 3rd st on left needle, then k into front of 1st and 2nd sts, allowing all 3 loops to fall from left needle.
Hi Heather. Thanks for your message. I have sent you an email to get a bit more information from you. Cheers Jodie