Knitting stitches are the foundation of this craft, so I’ll take you through every type of knitting stitch! This article gives you the types of knitting stitches. Expand your knitting skills when you read my guide on how to do different knitting stitches. You’ll never be lost for a selection of ideas on what to knit next!
Knit Stitch Summary: 80 Types of Knitting Stitches
Here are the stitches in the stitch knitting library in alphabetical order. Click on the links to see a short description of what they’re good for, and a tutorial.
- Diamond Honeycomb
- Diagonal Seed
- Double Moss
- Irish Moss
- Large Stacked Triangle
- Little Granite
- Tiles Stitch
- Tile Squares
- Wide Basket Weave
- Basket Loop
- Chevron Seed
- Chinese Wave
- Cut Diagonal
- Diamond Brocade
- Diagonal Chevron Zigzag
- Double Fleck
- Embossed Leaf
- Lattice Seed
- Little Raindrops
- Long Raindrops
- Pennant Pleating
- Pique Triangle
- Sea Foam Wave
- Spring Bobble
- Tumbling Moss
- Wide Chevron Zig Zag
- Zig Zag
What Are The Basic Stitches & Stitch Patterns In Knitting?
Stitch Pattern Guide – Knit & Purl Stitch Patterns – The most basic stitches in knitting are the knit and purl stitch. Here are some of the most common ones and their video tutorials, or detailed information in example written instructions.
Have an interest in practicing these options in a small size swatch piece? Use size 7 wood or plastic knitting needles and some kind of worsted weight basic knitting yarn like acrylic, wool, or cotton.
(Use a bright color so you can see the stitches. Darker colors are difficult to see.) Use affordable yarn brands with options at a lower price, as they’re good for practicing.
Try a brand shop like Knit Picks. Many of their products (like thread and yarn) and tools (like needles in various sizes) are affordable, and rated five stars.
Sometimes they’re on sale, and they offer free shipping in some cases. You need an account to purchase from them. Always test your gauge to save you more hassle.
Note: Some stitch methods have different characteristics when you knit in the round. When working with that technique, use a pattern to help you learn the variation.
There are also other groups of knitting stitch patterns, like eyelet knitting stitches, brioche knitting stitches, rib knitting stitches (the rib stitch), cable twisted stitches, and cable knitting stitches.
Note: There are also loom/machine (tuck) stitches, but they’re not covered in this post’s content. This talks about hand knitting. It’s also difficult to recreate these stitches in crochet. I reviewed and updated this post on November 14, 2022.
The most common of the different knitting stitches out there, and the one you should learn first. The knit garter stitch is the foundation of all other ones.
It’s not just for beginners, as more advanced people love this stitch type for simple garments. It’s a knitter’s favorite! Often used in techniques and designs for childrens’ and baby clothes, cowls, mittens, beanies, home decor, and cardigans.
It’s easy because it returns the same result with any number of stitches. Great for a beginner! (Start the row with a loose slip stitch for neater edges.) The name of these knit stitch patterns comes from the stretchy, elastic bands used to hold up stockings.
- Method – Use the knit stitch (k1) for every row.
- Abbreviation – g st
- AKA – Plain Stitch
Here’s my free knitting video tutorial.
Now you’ve learned about some great knitting stitches, let me show you the best baby blanket yarn.
This is the most basic stitch and the one that’s most important to learn!
Once you’ve mastered the knit stitch, learn this one.
These knit stitch patterns are made up of alternating knit and purl stitches to create an interesting texture. One row is k1, p1 and the other row is p1, kl and this is simply repeated. Looks lovely as part of dishcloths designs or in some cases, interesting jackets. Good for a gift too! AKA – Sand Stitch, Dot Stitch.
Another basic one, this is probably the most recognizable. Knit Stitches are on the right side of the fabric and purl stitches are on the wrong side of the fabric. (The knit ones look like a v when you work them.) Remember the edges tend to curl. It’s often used as a background for complex designs, colorwork items, or motifs.
- Method – Knit one row, purl the next row, repeat until you reach your desired length.
- Abbreviation – St st
- AKA – Stocking stitch
Need a yarn bowl for knitting? Choose from the best-quality ones available.
Reverse Stockinette Stitch
This is the same as stockinette, but the pattern is made in the reverse order. You get the purl stitches on the right side and the knit stitches on the wrong side. It would make lovely things like a top or cowl. I created a cowl in mohair/silk yarn pictured above using the reverse stockinette stitch. It’s like wearing a cloud around your neck!
- Method – Purl one row (the first row), knit the second row, continue until you reach your desired length.
- Abbreviation – Rev St st
- AKA – Reverse Stocking Stitch
What yarn to use for arm knitting? Let me show you.
Knit – Intermediate Knitting Stitches
Now for the rest of the stitches. Again, they’re organized by category and in alphabetical order to make it easier for you to find a stitch pattern to try.
These knit stitch patterns have a vintage twist on the classic stockinette. It’s named after a region in Southern Spain.
I made a beautiful infinity scarf for a Japanese friend using this pattern. It creates a thick and cozy fabric. Some designers use this for a fisherman’s sweater or cardigan.
An elegant stitch pattern resembling bamboo stalks uses slipped stitches and yarn overs. This stitch uses a lot of yarn, and looks lovely with garter hems.
A unique stitch creating a woven look without being super complicated. Again, the basketweave stitch is a combination of knit stiches and purl stitches.
A lovely, if slightly complicated raised stitch pattern with plenty of texture! A great way to bring life to simple projects. (AKA: Bubble stitch.)
Diamond Honeycomb Stitch
A beautiful diamond-shaped pattern using slipped stitches to create a look reminiscent of honeycomb. Create lovely pieces of work for your family or friends with knitted diamonds.
Diagonal Seed Stitch
A textured variant of the seed stitch. Each lot of slanting rows on the material are pleasing to the eye.
Double Moss Stitch
A variant of the seed stitch, this textured and durable pattern is perfect for garments like hats and face cloths.
Flag Knit Stitch
A triangle pattern using a variant of stockinette to create the little flag shapes. This version would make an excellent motif.
A textured stitch resembling little interlocking chains of boulders.
This brioche-inspired pattern takes its name from its similiarity to beehives.
Irish Moss Stitch
Often confused with seed stitch, these knit stitch patterns are equally beautiful but a different pattern entirely. Follow the tutorial with step-by-step instructions.
Large Stacked Triangle Stitch
This simple-looking and beautiful pattern is a bit difficult, but it’s worth it for the lovely results. It produces what looks like alternating large triangles. These fabrics are great for pillows, a baby blanket, and bags. (The structure is a little fiddly because of all the decreases and increases.)
A simple pattern producing an interesting texture. Its appearance is reminiscent of linen fabric, hence its name. Adds some lovely sophistication to any method.
Little Granite Stitch
A great way to make an intricate design with a few stitches. It creates the impression of small bumps (granites) in horizontal bars on the body of the fabric.
An interesting texture created with a variety of knit, purl stitch patterns, knitting stitches together, and yarnovers. This makes an open lattice-style fabric resembling lace or cobwebs.
It creates rows of raised diamond shapes bordered by stockinette sections. This 8-Row repeat pattern looks complicated but is a simple combination of knits and purls.
This repeating pattern alternates knitting and purling. I recommended it for big knitting projects such as blankets, sweaters, shawls, or throws.
Tile Squares Stitch
It’s nearly identical to the previous stitch. Still, it creates a tiled pattern of squares with a divider of garter every few sections.
A lovely textured pattern resembling the surface of a waffle, hence the name! It would be great for a sweater.
Wide Basket Weave Stitch
This stitch is similar to the classic basket weave. The alternating “weave” knitting patterns are much wider than usual.
Knit – Advanced Knitting Stitches
Want to level up your skills and become a pro? Try these series of stitches! Though they may be difficult at first, the trick is patience and lots of practice.
Basket Loop Stitch
A unique spin on the classic basket weave. Instead of straight lines ‘woven’, the vertical ones are straight, and the horizontal ones are curved.
A lovely, playful pattern with a 3D texture.
A slightly complicated pattern repeat involving slipped stitch to create the look of pretty butterflies fluttering across the fabric!
This textured pattern gets its name from the resemblance of a caterpillar. It uses lines of garter interspersed between stockinette stitches. The lines look a bit like ruffles or waves on the fabric.
Chevron Seed Stitch
This stitch produces a wavy pattern like zigzags or raised seeds. It’s called chevron seed because it’s similar in appearance to seed stitching.
Chinese Wave Stitch
A pretty wavy pattern resembling waves of water. The mesh design would make a great produce bag for shopping!
Want to create something knitted that looks like it’s woven? Try using this technique.
Cut Diagonal Stitch
This produces diagonal lines from one side of the fabric to another in alternating directions, and it’s reversible too!
A pretty, flower-inspired design perfect for springtime knits!
Diamond Brocade Stitch
A lovely repeating diamond pattern bordered by a beaded look.
Diagonal Chevron Zigzag Stitch
The diagonal zigzag stitch is a combination of knit and purl stitches. An inventive pattern for socks or afghans!
It produces alternating diagonal lines from one edge of the fabric that’s wavy in appearance.
Double Fleck Stitch
This produces a feature of small alternating rectangular knitting patterns in a checkerboard fashion. A simple-looking but timeless texture.
Embossed Leaf Stitch
This is a unique, textured pattern. It produces an amount of small, raised bumps resembling the surface of leaves. Here’s a tutorial.
Spruce up a simple stockinette pattern with flower motifs!
Garter Checkerboard Stitch
A unique pattern alternating stockinette and garter stitch. This is one of several variations of the classic basic stitch. The result is a checkerboard-like fabric with raised bumps on one side. I love how it plays with textures and shape. Flat ridges in the middle, and more raised bumps on the other side. It’s reversible too!
Fancy Diamond Stitch
A pretty, raised diamond pattern. It looks like a complex design but is great for intermediate knitters. Here is an excellent tutorial.
This pattern is similar to the basket stitch, but it produces raised lines resembling small alternating diagonal flecks. It’s popular for garments, home décor, and blankets.
This stitch produces raised vertical lines and flat ridges in between, hence the name hurdle.
Lattice Seed Stitch
This pattern looks like a lattice window, hence the name. In between the latticing is the seed stitch texture. It’d be great for scarves and shawls or other accessories.
Little Raindrops Stitch
This creates a wavy, raindrop-looking pattern. It’s great for garments or pillows as it’s not reversible. Here’s a great tutorial page by Kristen McDonnell. She has many excellent tips.
Long Raindrops Stitch
Similar to the previous pattern, this one is also not reversible and produces wavy lines with a droplet-like appearance. Use any yarn materials you like!
A vintage, airy fabric perfect for produce bags for your shopping trips!
This produces a lattice-like pattern with parallelograms instead of blocks.
Pennant Pleating Stitch
This pattern produces an interlocking triangle texture with ridges on all three sides.
Pique Triangle Stitch
The Pique stitch creates a 3D effect of miniature triangles by alternating knit and purl stitches. The triangles are knit in stocking stitch, which showcases their details.
Who says you need to learn another craft when you can achieve the same effect using a fiber art you’re already familiar with?
A textured, staggered bobble stitch resembling a raspberry. A great way to add dimension to various projects. It’s also called Trinity Stitch or Blackberry Stitch. I enjoyed making the above dishcloth incorporating this stitch.
Sea Foam Wave Stitch
A beautiful dropped stitch pattern with a lovely texture!
Spring Bobble Stitch
A lovely springtime-themed twist on the classic bobble stitch.
A lovely, if slightly complicated stitch pattern.
A stitch design involving slipped stitches to create a truly unique pattern.
Tumbling Moss Block Stitch
A great texture for garments, this pattern produces a dense knit of tumbling blocks resembling moss. It’d look lovely in a green yarn!
Wide Chevron Zigzag Stitch
This produces a chevron-like pattern with repeating zigzag lines horizontally across the fabric. It’s a lovely look! Here’s how.
This pattern produces rows of knit stitches and purl stitches. The result is an elegant, lattice-like fabric resembling a windowpane. Here is an excellent tutorial.
Zig Zag Stitch
This uniquely shaped stitch is an interesting twist on the classic garter texture.
Knit – Cable Knitting Stitches
Basic Cable Stitch
This is a knitting technique where you twist the stitches intentionally to create a variety of wonderfully textured knits. The end result of this repeat stitch is lovely. Here’s a basic pattern to try, though it gets quite fiddly!
Diagonal Basketweave Stitch
A slightly complicated variant on the basketweave, but the result is beautiful.
There are so many different types of knitting stitches out there! (Others include Fair Isle and Norwegian knitting.) Hope you enjoyed this list of knowledge and found your favorite new stitch to practice. Happy knitting and have fun learning new skills!
If there’s a knitting stitch pattern I forgot to add, please let me know in the comments. (Your email address is never published.)
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