Knit Stitches – 80 Recommended Knitting Videos & Stitch Patterns

Knitting stitches are the foundation of this craft, so I’ll take you through every type of knitting stitch! This article gives you the types of knitting stitches. Expand your knitting skills when you read my guide on how to do different knitting stitches. You’ll never be lost for a selection of ideas on what to knit next!

Knitting Stitch Feat Img - Read more on purl stitches slipped stitches cable twisted stitches eyelet lace stitches.

Knit Stitch Summary: 80 Types of Knitting Stitches

Here are the stitches in the stitch knitting library in alphabetical order. Click on the links to see a short description of what they’re good for, and a tutorial.

Basic Knitting Stitches

Intermediate Knitting Stitches

Advanced Knitting Stitches

What Are The Basic Stitches & Stitch Patterns In Knitting?

Stitch Pattern Guide – Knit & Purl Stitch Patterns – The most basic stitches in knitting are the knit and purl stitch. Here are some of the most common ones and their video tutorials, or detailed information in example written instructions.

Have an interest in practicing these options in a small size swatch piece? Use size 7 wood or plastic knitting needles and some kind of worsted weight basic knitting yarn like acrylic, wool, or cotton.

(Use a bright color so you can see the stitches. Darker colors are difficult to see.) Use affordable yarn brands with options at a lower price, as they’re good for practicing.

Try a brand shop like Knit Picks. Many of their products (like thread and yarn) and tools (like needles in various sizes) are affordable, and rated five stars.

Sometimes they’re on sale, and they offer free shipping in some cases. You need an account to purchase from them. Always test your gauge to save you more hassle.

Note: Some stitch methods have different characteristics when you knit in the round. When working with that technique, use a pattern to help you learn the variation.

There are also other groups of knitting stitch patterns, like eyelet knitting stitches, brioche knitting stitches, rib knitting stitches (the rib stitch), cable twisted stitches, and cable knitting stitches.

Note: There are also loom/machine (tuck) stitches, but they’re not covered in this post’s content. This talks about hand knitting. It’s also difficult to recreate these stitches in crochet. I reviewed and updated this post on November 14, 2022.

Garter Stitch

The most common of the different knitting stitches out there, and the one you should learn first. The knit garter stitch is the foundation of all other ones.

It’s not just for beginners, as more advanced people love this stitch type for simple garments. It’s a knitter’s favorite! Often used in techniques and designs for childrens’ and baby clothes, cowls, mittens, beanies, home decor, and cardigans.

It’s easy because it returns the same result with any number of stitches. Great for a beginner! (Start the row with a loose slip stitch for neater edges.) The name of these knit stitch patterns comes from the stretchy, elastic bands used to hold up stockings.

  • Method – Use the knit stitch (k1) for every row.
  • Abbreviation – g st
  • AKA – Plain Stitch

Here’s my free knitting video tutorial.

YouTube video

Now you’ve learned about some great knitting stitches, let me show you the best baby blanket yarn.

Knit Stitch

This is the most basic stitch and the one that’s most important to learn!

YouTube video

Purl Stitch

Once you’ve mastered the knit stitch, learn this one.

YouTube video

Seed Stitch

Seed Stitch knitted dishcloth with garter stitch edge

These knit stitch patterns are made up of alternating knit and purl stitches to create an interesting texture. One row is k1, p1 and the other row is p1, kl and this is simply repeated. Looks lovely as part of dishcloths designs or in some cases, interesting jackets. Good for a gift too! AKA – Sand Stitch, Dot Stitch.

Stockinette Stitch

Stockinette stitch knitted by me in Avocado Green acrylic yarn

Another basic one, this is probably the most recognizable. Knit Stitches are on the right side of the fabric and purl stitches are on the wrong side of the fabric. (The knit ones look like a v when you work them.) Remember the edges tend to curl. It’s often used as a background for complex designs, colorwork items, or motifs.

  • Method – Knit one row, purl the next row, repeat until you reach your desired length.
  • Abbreviation – St st
  • AKA – Stocking stitch
YouTube video

Need a yarn bowl for knitting? Choose from the best-quality ones available.

Reverse Stockinette Stitch

Reverse Stockinette stitch in a knitted cowl. Pale Lilac mohair yarn

This is the same as stockinette, but the pattern is made in the reverse order. You get the purl stitches on the right side and the knit stitches on the wrong side. It would make lovely things like a top or cowl. I created a cowl in mohair/silk yarn pictured above using the reverse stockinette stitch. It’s like wearing a cloud around your neck!

  • Method – Purl one row (the first row), knit the second row, continue until you reach your desired length.
  • Abbreviation – Rev St st
  • AKA – Reverse Stocking Stitch
YouTube video

What yarn to use for arm knitting? Let me show you.

Knit – Intermediate Knitting Stitches

Now for the rest of the stitches. Again, they’re organized by category and in alphabetical order to make it easier for you to find a stitch pattern to try.

Andalusian Stitch

These knit stitch patterns have a vintage twist on the classic stockinette. It’s named after a region in Southern Spain.

YouTube video

Bamboo Stitch

I made a beautiful infinity scarf for a Japanese friend using this pattern. It creates a thick and cozy fabric. Some designers use this for a fisherman’s sweater or cardigan.

An elegant stitch pattern resembling bamboo stalks uses slipped stitches and yarn overs. This stitch uses a lot of yarn, and looks lovely with garter hems.

YouTube video

Basketweave Stitch

A unique stitch creating a woven look without being super complicated. Again, the basketweave stitch is a combination of knit stiches and purl stitches.

YouTube video

Bobble Stitch

A lovely, if slightly complicated raised stitch pattern with plenty of texture! A great way to bring life to simple projects. (AKA: Bubble stitch.)

YouTube video

Diamond Honeycomb Stitch

A beautiful diamond-shaped pattern using slipped stitches to create a look reminiscent of honeycomb. Create lovely pieces of work for your family or friends with knitted diamonds.

YouTube video

Diagonal Seed Stitch

A textured variant of the seed stitch. Each lot of slanting rows on the material are pleasing to the eye.

YouTube video

Double Moss Stitch

A variant of the seed stitch, this textured and durable pattern is perfect for garments like hats and face cloths.

YouTube video

Flag Knit Stitch

A triangle pattern using a variant of stockinette to create the little flag shapes. This version would make an excellent motif.

YouTube video

Granite Stitch

A textured stitch resembling little interlocking chains of boulders.

YouTube video

Honeycomb Stitch

This brioche-inspired pattern takes its name from its similiarity to beehives.

YouTube video

Irish Moss Stitch

Often confused with seed stitch, these knit stitch patterns are equally beautiful but a different pattern entirely. Follow the tutorial with step-by-step instructions.

YouTube video

Large Stacked Triangle Stitch 

This simple-looking and beautiful pattern is a bit difficult, but it’s worth it for the lovely results. It produces what looks like alternating large triangles. These fabrics are great for pillows, a baby blanket, and bags. (The structure is a little fiddly because of all the decreases and increases.)

YouTube video

Linen Stitch

A simple pattern producing an interesting texture. Its appearance is reminiscent of linen fabric, hence its name. Adds some lovely sophistication to any method.

YouTube video

Little Granite Stitch

A great way to make an intricate design with a few stitches. It creates the impression of small bumps (granites) in horizontal bars on the body of the fabric.

YouTube video
Knit Stitch Pin

Netted Stitch 

An interesting texture created with a variety of knit, purl stitch patterns, knitting stitches together, and yarnovers. This makes an open lattice-style fabric resembling lace or cobwebs.

YouTube video

Seersucker Stitch

It creates rows of raised diamond shapes bordered by stockinette sections. This 8-Row repeat pattern looks complicated but is a simple combination of knits and purls.

YouTube video

Tiles Stitch

This repeating pattern alternates knitting and purling. I recommended it for big knitting projects such as blankets, sweaters, shawls, or throws.

YouTube video

Tile Squares Stitch

It’s nearly identical to the previous stitch. Still, it creates a tiled pattern of squares with a divider of garter every few sections.

YouTube video

Waffle Stitch

A lovely textured pattern resembling the surface of a waffle, hence the name! It would be great for a sweater.

YouTube video

Wide Basket Weave Stitch

This stitch is similar to the classic basket weave. The alternating “weave” knitting patterns are much wider than usual.

YouTube video

Knit – Advanced Knitting Stitches

Want to level up your skills and become a pro? Try these series of stitches! Though they may be difficult at first, the trick is patience and lots of practice.

Basket Loop Stitch

A unique spin on the classic basket weave. Instead of straight lines ‘woven’, the vertical ones are straight, and the horizontal ones are curved.

YouTube video

Bubble Stitch

A lovely, playful pattern with a 3D texture.

YouTube video

Butterfly Stitch

A slightly complicated pattern repeat involving slipped stitch to create the look of pretty butterflies fluttering across the fabric!

YouTube video

Caterpillar Stitch

This textured pattern gets its name from the resemblance of a caterpillar. It uses lines of garter interspersed between stockinette stitches. The lines look a bit like ruffles or waves on the fabric.

YouTube video

Chevron Seed Stitch

This stitch produces a wavy pattern like zigzags or raised seeds. It’s called chevron seed because it’s similar in appearance to seed stitching.

YouTube video

Chinese Wave Stitch

A pretty wavy pattern resembling waves of water. The mesh design would make a great produce bag for shopping!

YouTube video

Cross Stitch

Want to create something knitted that looks like it’s woven? Try using this technique.

YouTube video

Cut Diagonal Stitch

This produces diagonal lines from one side of the fabric to another in alternating directions, and it’s reversible too!

YouTube video

Daisy Stitch

A pretty, flower-inspired design perfect for springtime knits!

YouTube video

Diamond Brocade Stitch

A lovely repeating diamond pattern bordered by a beaded look.

YouTube video

Diagonal Chevron Zigzag Stitch

The diagonal zigzag stitch is a combination of knit and purl stitches. An inventive pattern for socks or afghans!

It produces alternating diagonal lines from one edge of the fabric that’s wavy in appearance.

YouTube video

Double Fleck Stitch

This produces a feature of small alternating rectangular knitting patterns in a checkerboard fashion. A simple-looking but timeless texture.

YouTube video

Embossed Leaf Stitch

This is a unique, textured pattern. It produces an amount of small, raised bumps resembling the surface of leaves. Here’s a tutorial.

Flower Stitch

Spruce up a simple stockinette pattern with flower motifs!

YouTube video

Garter Checkerboard Stitch

A unique pattern alternating stockinette and garter stitch. This is one of several variations of the classic basic stitch. The result is a checkerboard-like fabric with raised bumps on one side. I love how it plays with textures and shape. Flat ridges in the middle, and more raised bumps on the other side. It’s reversible too!

YouTube video

Fancy Diamond Stitch

A pretty, raised diamond pattern. It looks like a complex design but is great for intermediate knitters. Here is an excellent tutorial.

Herringbone Stitch

This pattern is similar to the basket stitch, but it produces raised lines resembling small alternating diagonal flecks. It’s popular for garments, home décor, and blankets.

YouTube video

Hurdle Stitch

This stitch produces raised vertical lines and flat ridges in between, hence the name hurdle.

YouTube video

Lattice Seed Stitch

This pattern looks like a lattice window, hence the name. In between the latticing is the seed stitch texture. It’d be great for scarves and shawls or other accessories.

YouTube video

Little Raindrops Stitch

This creates a wavy, raindrop-looking pattern. It’s great for garments or pillows as it’s not reversible. Here’s a great tutorial page by Kristen McDonnell. She has many excellent tips.

Long Raindrops Stitch

Similar to the previous pattern, this one is also not reversible and produces wavy lines with a droplet-like appearance. Use any yarn materials you like!

YouTube video

Mesh Stitch

A vintage, airy fabric perfect for produce bags for your shopping trips!

YouTube video

Parallelogram Stitch

This produces a lattice-like pattern with parallelograms instead of blocks.

YouTube video

Pennant Pleating Stitch

This pattern produces an interlocking triangle texture with ridges on all three sides.

YouTube video

Pique Triangle Stitch

The Pique stitch creates a 3D effect of miniature triangles by alternating knit and purl stitches. The triangles are knit in stocking stitch, which showcases their details.

YouTube video

Quilt Stitch

Who says you need to learn another craft when you can achieve the same effect using a fiber art you’re already familiar with?

YouTube video

Raspberry Stitch

Plum-Lotus-Dishcloth-knitted-by-Jodie featuring bobble stitches, seed stitch and lace pattern

A textured, staggered bobble stitch resembling a raspberry. A great way to add dimension to various projects. It’s also called Trinity Stitch or Blackberry Stitch. I enjoyed making the above dishcloth incorporating this stitch.

YouTube video

Sea Foam Wave Stitch

A beautiful dropped stitch pattern with a lovely texture!

YouTube video

Spring Bobble Stitch

A lovely springtime-themed twist on the classic bobble stitch.

YouTube video

Star Stitch

A lovely, if slightly complicated stitch pattern.

YouTube video

Tassel Stitch

A stitch design involving slipped stitches to create a truly unique pattern.

YouTube video

Tumbling Moss Block Stitch

A great texture for garments, this pattern produces a dense knit of tumbling blocks resembling moss. It’d look lovely in a green yarn!

YouTube video

Wide Chevron Zigzag Stitch

This produces a chevron-like pattern with repeating zigzag lines horizontally across the fabric. It’s a lovely look! Here’s how.

Window Stitch

This pattern produces rows of knit stitches and purl stitches. The result is an elegant, lattice-like fabric resembling a windowpane. Here is an excellent tutorial.

Zig Zag Stitch

This uniquely shaped stitch is an interesting twist on the classic garter texture.

YouTube video

Knit – Cable Knitting Stitches

Basic Cable Stitch

This is a knitting technique where you twist the stitches intentionally to create a variety of wonderfully textured knits. The end result of this repeat stitch is lovely. Here’s a basic pattern to try, though it gets quite fiddly!

YouTube video

Diagonal Basketweave Stitch

A slightly complicated variant on the basketweave, but the result is beautiful.

YouTube video

Conclusion

There are so many different types of knitting stitches out there! (Others include Fair Isle and Norwegian knitting.) Hope you enjoyed this list of knowledge and found your favorite new stitch to practice. Happy knitting and have fun learning new skills!

If there’s a knitting stitch pattern I forgot to add, please let me know in the comments. (Your email address is never published.)

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About The Author

Jodie Morgan From Knit Like Granny

Jodie Morgan - (Author and Founder)

jodie@knitlikegranny.com
Lives In: Chiang Mai, Thailand


Author: Jodie Morgan is a passionate knitter and blogger with 40+ years of experience currently living in Chiang Mai, Thailand. Taught by her mother and wonderful grandmother “Mama”, she fell in love with crafting from a young age. When she’s not knitting, you’ll find her enjoying a cup of coffee with cream, or sharing helpful resources and tips with the online knitting community. Please say hello, or see what she's making on Ravelry.

Comments

  1. All the stitches look very interesting, and I would like to learn them in the future. However, I am in the process of making a sweater and I am where I’m beginning to do the armholes but I would like to what p.s.s.o. is and how to do it, and pattern to last 4 stitches. I am asking because it has been a very long time since I have made a sweater. Any help would be appreciated.

    Reply
    • Hi Vickie. Thanks for your question. PSSO means pass the slip stitched over. Depending on your pattern, it may be a double decrease or one decrease. Here is a link to Very Pink Knits who has helpful knitting tutorials on Youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QTYc54b_RBo Stacy shows both ways a PSSO can occur. Hope this helps. Cheers Jodie

      Reply
    • Hi Stacey. It is a lovely textured blanket. I would also need a pattern to be able to knit this design too! I would recommend finding a pattern you can follow even though it may not be this exact design. I took a quick look at baby blanket patterns using seed stitch and cables but haven’t found one similar to the link you sent. It may take a bit a looking. Cheers Jodie

      Reply
  2. Found a vest pattern on Ravelry using hammer stitch. Couldn’t find info on net on hammer stitch. I’m a pretty basic knitter-simple things. What can you tell me about hammer stitch? Thanks.
    Jacki

    Reply
    • Hi Jacki

      This is new to me.

      Have you seen a chart or written instructions within the pattern for the vest to show how knitting this hammer stitch is created?

      I am assuming it is a repeated pattern but not sure.

      Cheers Jodie

      Reply
    • Hi Jacki. I am not familiar with this stitch. I too could not find it anywhere. I will get in touch via email. Cheers Jodie

      Reply
  3. I’m stuck on a pattern using cr.3lt ; I find it very tricky purling into the back of third stitch and then knitting front of 1st and 2nd stitches. Wonder if anyone knows how to easily do this?

    Reply
  4. Hi
    I would like to knit these 2 stitches: cr.3lt and cr.3rt but finding it extremely difficult. I get a hole between the third stitch and 1st and 2nd stitches and so not convinced I have interpreted the method correctly. Can’t find any reference to these stitches on the web either.
    The cr.3lt is explained thus: cross 3 left, p into back of 3rd st on left needle, then k into front of 1st and 2nd sts, allowing all 3 loops to fall from left needle.

    Reply

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