Ultimate Guide To Every Type Of Knitting Stitch (73 With Videos)

Knitting stitches are the foundation of this craft, so I’m going to take you through every type of knitting stitch there is!

This article gives you the types of knitting stitches and everything else you need to know.

Knitting Stitches - Stockinette stitch in green yarn on Rainbow colored wooden interchangeable needle and purple cable

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Expand your knitting skills with my guide. You’ll never be lost for a selection of ideas on what to knit next!

Summary: 73 Types of Knitting Stitches

  • 2×2 Rib Stitch
  • 5×1 Flat Rib Stitch
  • 7×3 Flat Rib Stitch
  • Andalusian Stitch
  • Bamboo Stitch
  • Basketweave Stitch
  • Basic Cable Stitch
  • Basket Loop Stitch
  • Beaded Rib Stitch
  • Broken Rib Stitch
  • Bubble Stitch
  • Cartridge Belt Rib Stitch
  • Caterpillar Stitch
  • Chevron Rib Stitch
  • Chevron Seed Stitch
  • Chinese Wave Stitch
  • Cross Stitch
  • Cut Diagonal Stitch
  • Diagonal Basketweave Stitch
  • Diagonal Chevron Zigzag Stitch
  • Diagonal Rib Stitch
  • Diagonal Seed Stitch
  • Diagonal Spiral Rib Stitch
  • Diamond Honeycomb Stitch
  • Double Fleck Stitch
  • Double Moss Stitch
  • Embossed Leaf Stitch
  • Fancy Diamond Stitch
  • Flag Knit Stitch
  • Garter Stitch
  • Garter Checkerboard Stitch
  • Garter Ribbing Stitch
  • Herringbone Stitch
  • Hurdle Stitch
  • Irish Moss Stitch
  • Large Stacked Triangle Stitch
  • Lattice Seed Stitch
  • Linen Stitch
  • Little Granite Stitch
  • Little Raindrops Stitch
  • Long Raindrops Stitch
  • Netted Stitch
  • Parallelogram Stitch
  • Pennant Pleating Stitch
  • Pique Rib Stitch
  • Pique Triangle Stitch
  • Purl Ridge Stitch
  • Raspberry Stitch
  • Reverse Ridge Stitch
  • Reverse Stockinette Stitch
  • Rib Stitch
  • Seed Stitch
  • Seeded Rib Stitch
  • Seersucker Stitch
  • Stockinette Stitch
  • Tiles Stitch
  • Tile Squares Stitch
  • Tumbling Moss Block Stitch
  • Waffle Stitch
  • Wide Basket Weave Stitch
  • Wide Chevron Zigzag Stitch
  • Window Stitch

I reviewed and updated this post on May 30, 2022.

Table Of Contents

What Are The Basic Stitches In Knitting?

The most basic stitches in knitting are the knit and purl stitch.

Here are some of the most common ones and their video tutorials.

Have an interest in practicing these options in a small size swatch piece?

Use wood or plastic knitting needles and some kind of basic knitting yarn. (Use a bright color so you can see the stitches.)

Darker colors are difficult to see.

Note: Some stitch methods have different characteristics when you knit in the round.

When working with that technique, use a pattern to help you learn the variation.

Garter Stitch

The most common of the different knitting stitches out there, and the one you should learn first.

The knit garter stitch is the foundation of all other ones.

It’s not just for beginners, as more advanced people love this stitch type for simple garments.

Often used in techniques and designs for childrens’ and baby clothes, cowls, beanies, and cardigans.

It’s easy because it returns the same result with any number of stitches. Great for a beginner!

The name of these knit stitch patterns comes from the stretchy, elastic bands used to hold up stockings many years ago.

  • Method – Use the knit stitch (k1) for every row.
  • Abbreviation – g st
  • AKA – Plain Stitch

Here’s a video tutorial.

YouTube video

Now you’ve learned about some great knitting stitches, let me show you the best baby blanket yarn.

Stockinette Stitch

Stockinette stitch knitted by me in Avocado Green acrylic yarn

Another basic one, this is probably the most recognizable.

Knit Stitches are on the right side of the fabric and purl stitches are on the wrong side of the fabric.

(The knit ones look like a v when you work them.)

Remember the edges tend to curl. It’s often used as a background for complex designs or motifs.

  • Method – Knit one row, purl the next row, repeat until you reach your desired length.
  • Abbreviation – St st
  • AKA – Stocking stitch
YouTube video

Need a yarn bowl for knitting? Choose from the best-quality ones available.

Reverse Stockinette Stitch

Reverse Stockinette stitch in a knitted cowl. Pale Lilac mohair yarn

This is the same as stockinette, but the pattern is made in the reverse order.

You get the purl stitches on the right side and the knit stitches on the wrong side.

It would make a lovely top or cowl.

  • Method – Purl one row (the first row), knit the second row, continue until you reach your desired length.
  • Abbreviation – Rev St st
  • AKA – Reverse Stocking Stitch
YouTube video

What yarn to use for arm knitting? Let me show you.

Seed Stitch

Seed Stitch knitted dishcloth with garter stitch edge

These knit stitch patterns are made up of alternating knit and purl stitches to create an interesting texture.

Looks lovely as part of dishcloths designs or in some cases, interesting jackets.

  • AKA – Sand Stitch, Dot Stitch

Now for the rest of the stitches.

Again, they’re organized by category and in alphabetical order to make it easier for you to find a stitch pattern to try.

Intermediate Knitting Stitches

Andalusian Stitch

These knit stitch patterns have a vintage twist on the classic stockinette. It’s named after a region in Southern Spain.

YouTube video

Bamboo Stitch

I made a beautiful infinity scarf for a Japanese friend using this pattern. It creates a thick and cozy fabric.

An elegant stitch pattern resembling bamboo stalks uses slipped stitches and yarn overs to achieve this effect.

YouTube video

Basketweave Stitch

A unique stitch creating a woven look without being super complicated.

Again it is a combination of knit stiches and purl stitches.

YouTube video

Diamond Honeycomb Stitch

A beautiful diamond-shaped pattern using slipped stitches to create a look reminiscent of honeycomb.

Create lovely pieces of work for your family or friends with knitted diamonds.

YouTube video

Diagonal Seed Stitch

A textured variant of the seed stitch. Each lot of slanting rows on the material are pleasing to the eye.

YouTube video

Double Moss Stitch

A variant of the seed stitch, this textured and durable pattern is perfect for garments like hats and face cloths.

YouTube video

Flag Knit Stitch

A triangle pattern using a variant of stockinette to create the little flag shapes. This version would make an excellent motif.

YouTube video

Irish Moss Stitch

Often confused with seed stitch, these knit stitch patterns are equally beautiful but a different pattern entirely.

Follow the tutorial with step-by-step instructions.

YouTube video

Large Stacked Triangle Stitch 

This simple-looking and beautiful pattern is a bit difficult, but it’s worth it for the lovely results.

It produces what looks like alternating large triangles. These fabrics are great for pillows and bags.

(The structure is a little fiddly because of all the decreases and increases.)

YouTube video

Linen Stitch

A simple pattern producing an interesting texture. Its appearance is reminiscent of linen fabric, hence its name.

Adds some lovely sophistication to any method.

YouTube video

Little Granite Stitch

A great way to make an intricate design with a few stitches.

It creates the impression of small bumps (granites) in horizontal bars on the body of the fabric.

YouTube video

Netted Stitch 

An interesting texture created with a variety of knit, purl stitch patterns, knitting stitches together, and yarnovers.

This makes an open lattice-style fabric resembling lace or cobwebs.

YouTube video

Purl Ridge Stitch

The Purl Ridge Stitch features a sleek alternating pattern of stockinette rows and purl stitches.

They run horizontally across the fabric. Great for interesting cuffs on sleeves, collars, or a border of a clothing piece.

YouTube video

Reverse Ridge Stitch

The reverse ridge stitch provides texture to knitting projects by adding a distinctive horizontal design.

This rib knit stitch is a stretchy, reversible six-row repeat pattern. Good for colorwork!

This stitch is unlike most ribbing patterns because it stretches vertically.

YouTube video

Seersucker Stitch

It creates rows of raised diamond shapes bordered by stockinette sections.

This 8-Row repeat pattern looks complicated but is a simple combination of knits and purls.

YouTube video

Tiles Stitch

This repeating pattern alternates knitting and purling.

I recommended it for big knitting projects such as blankets, sweaters, shawls, or throws.

YouTube video

Tile Squares Stitch

It’s nearly identical to the previous stitch.

Still, it creates a tiled pattern of squares with a divider of garter every few sections.

YouTube video

Waffle Stitch

A lovely textured pattern resembling the surface of a waffle, hence the name! It would be great for a sweater.

YouTube video

Wide Basket Weave Stitch

This stitch is similar to the classic basket weave.

The alternating “weave” knitting patterns are much wider than usual.

YouTube video

Advanced Knitting Stitches

Want to level up your skills and become a pro? Try these series of stitches!

Though they may be difficult at first, the trick is patience and lots of practice.

Basket Loop Stitch

A unique spin on the classic basket weave.

Instead of straight lines ‘woven’, the vertical ones are straight, and the horizontal ones are curved.

YouTube video

Bubble Stitch

A lovely, playful pattern with a 3D texture.

YouTube video

Caterpillar Stitch

This textured pattern gets its name from the resemblance of a caterpillar.

It uses lines of garter interspersed between stockinette stitches. The lines look a bit like ruffles or waves on the fabric.

YouTube video

Chevron Seed Stitch

This stitch produces a wavy pattern like zigzags or raised seeds.

It’s called chevron seed because it’s similar in appearance to seed stitching.

YouTube video

Chinese Wave Stitch

A pretty wavy pattern resembling waves of water. The mesh design would make a great produce bag for shopping!

YouTube video

Cross Stitch

Want to create something knitted that looks like it’s woven? Try using this technique.

YouTube video

Cut Diagonal Stitch

This produces diagonal lines from one side of the fabric to another in alternating directions, and it’s reversible too!

YouTube video

Diagonal Chevron Zigzag Stitch

The diagonal zigzag stitch is a combination of knit and purl stitches. An inventive pattern for socks or afghans!

It produces alternating diagonal lines from one edge of the fabric that’s wavy in appearance.

YouTube video

Double Fleck Stitch

This produces a feature of small alternating rectangular knitting patterns in a checkerboard fashion.

A simple-looking but timeless texture.

YouTube video

Embossed Leaf Stitch

This is a unique, textured pattern. It produces an amount of small, raised bumps resembling the surface of leaves.

Here’s a tutorial.

Garter Checkerboard Stitch

A unique pattern alternating stockinette and garter stitch. This is one of several variations of the classic basic stitch.

The result is a checkerboard-like fabric with raised bumps on one side. I love how it plays with textures and shape.

Flat ridges in the middle, and more raised bumps on the other side. It’s reversible too!

YouTube video

Fancy Diamond Stitch

A pretty, raised diamond pattern. It looks like a complex design but is great for intermediate knitters.

Here is an excellent tutorial.

Herringbone Stitch

This pattern is similar to the basket stitch, but it produces raised lines resembling small alternating diagonal flecks.

It’s popular for garments, home décor, and blankets.

YouTube video

Hurdle Stitch

This stitch produces raised vertical lines and flat ridges in between, hence the name hurdle.

YouTube video

Lattice Seed Stitch

This pattern looks like a lattice window, hence the name. In between the latticing is the seed stitch texture.

It’d be great for scarves and shawls or other accessories.

Here’s a tutorial.

Little Raindrops Stitch

This creates a wavy, raindrop-looking pattern. It’s great for garments or pillows as it’s not reversible.

Here’s a great tutorial.

Long Raindrops Stitch

Similar to the previous pattern, this one is also not reversible and produces wavy lines with a droplet-like appearance.

YouTube video

Parallelogram Stitch

This produces a lattice-like pattern with parallelograms instead of blocks.

YouTube video

Pennant Pleating Stitch

This pattern produces an interlocking triangle texture with ridges on all three sides.

YouTube video

Pique Triangle Stitch

The Pique stitch creates a 3D effect of miniature triangles by alternating knit and purl stitches.

The triangles are knit in stocking stitch, which showcases their details.

YouTube video

Raspberry Stitch

Plum-Lotus-Dishcloth-knitted-by-Jodie featuring bobble stitches, seed stitch and lace pattern

A textured, staggered bobble stitch resembling a raspberry. A great way to add dimension to various projects.

It’s also called Trinity Stitch or Blackberry Stitch.

YouTube video

Tumbling Moss Block Stitch

A great texture for garments, this pattern produces a dense knit of tumbling blocks resembling moss.

It’d look lovely in a green yarn!

YouTube video

Wide Chevron Zigzag Stitch

This produces a chevron-like pattern with repeating zigzag lines horizontally across the fabric. It’s a lovely look!

Here’s how to do it.

Window Stitch

This pattern produces rows of knit stitches and purl stitches.

The result is an elegant, lattice-like fabric resembling the appearance of a windowpane.

Here is an excellent tutorial.

Rib Knitting Stitches

These rib stitches have combinations of knit stitch patterns and purl stitch patterns to make vertical columns.

Use them for many purposes and settings. The simpler ones make a great collection of stitches for a garment project.

(Most of these are one row basic knit patterns, not involving two rows or more.)

Rib Stitch

This classic rib pattern alternates between knit and purl stitches. (AKA the single rib knit stitch.)

The 1 rib stitch is reversible, comfortable to wear, and stretchy too! Get back to basics with this.

YouTube video

Here are some other ribbed stitches for you to try.

2×2 Rib Stitch

This knit stitch pattern is similar to the previous one, but it alternates between two knit and two purl stitches.

YouTube video

5×1 Flat Rib Stitch

This alternates between five knit stitches and one purl stitch.

Here is an excellent tutorial.

7×3 Flat Rib Stitch

This knit stitch pattern alternates between seven knit stitches and three purl stitches.

Here’s a tutorial.

Broken Rib Stitch

This knit stitch pattern produces a zigzag vertical rib with alternating knit stitches and purl stitches.

It’s an interesting-looking one!

YouTube video

Beaded Rib Stitch

In this, the ribs aren’t separate. Instead, they look like they’ve been woven or beaded together.

Hence why it’s called what it is. It’d be great for scarves or shawls!

YouTube video

Cartridge Belt Rib Stitch

This unique take on the ribbed pattern is a little complicated but worth it if you want a distinctive texture.

YouTube video

Chevron Rib Stitch

This pattern is similar to the Wide Chevron Zigzag Stitch, but it produces a rib chevron-like design with zigzags.

YouTube video

Diagonal Spiral Rib Stitch

This knitting pattern creates beautiful diagonal lines with a unique rib design.

YouTube video

Garter Ribbing Stitch

This knitting pattern is made up of alternating ribs and garter stitch to create a reversible ribbed effect.

Goes with any color scheme.

YouTube video

Diagonal Rib Stitch

This knitting pattern is similar to the Spiral Rib Stitch.

Still, the ribs are thinner on this fabric stitch, closer together, and have a slightly different look.

YouTube video

Pique Rib Stitch

This knitting pattern is similar to the Pique Triangle Stitch but with a ribbed effect.

YouTube video

Seeded Rib Stitch

This knitting pattern is similar to the Rib Stitch, but it includes seed stitches, creating a beautiful texture.

YouTube video

Cable Knitting Stitches

Basic Cable Stitch

This is a knitting technique where you twist the stitches intentionally to create a variety of wonderfully textured knits.

The end result of this repeat stitch is lovely.

Here’s a basic pattern to try, though it gets quite fiddly!

YouTube video

Diagonal Basketweave Stitch

A slightly complicated variant on the basketweave, but the result is beautiful.

YouTube video

There are so many different types of knitting stitches out there! (Others include Fair Isle and Norwegian knitting.)

Hope you enjoyed this list of knowledge and found your favorite new stitch to practice.

Happy knitting and have fun learning some new skills!

If there’s one I forgot to add, please let me know in the comments. (Your email address is never published.)

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About Jodie Morgan

Hi. I’m Jodie, creator of Knit Like Granny. (Yes, I’m a real person :) ) Thanks for being here.

I started Knit Like Granny to show 1,000,000 people the joys of knitting & highlight alternatives to fast fashion.

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11 thoughts on “Ultimate Guide To Every Type Of Knitting Stitch (73 With Videos)”

  1. All the stitches look very interesting, and I would like to learn them in the future. However, I am in the process of making a sweater and I am where I’m beginning to do the armholes but I would like to what p.s.s.o. is and how to do it, and pattern to last 4 stitches. I am asking because it has been a very long time since I have made a sweater. Any help would be appreciated.

    Reply
    • Hi Vickie. Thanks for your question. PSSO means pass the slip stitched over. Depending on your pattern, it may be a double decrease or one decrease. Here is a link to Very Pink Knits who has helpful knitting tutorials on Youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QTYc54b_RBo Stacy shows both ways a PSSO can occur. Hope this helps. Cheers Jodie

      Reply
    • Hi Stacey. It is a lovely textured blanket. I would also need a pattern to be able to knit this design too! I would recommend finding a pattern you can follow even though it may not be this exact design. I took a quick look at baby blanket patterns using seed stitch and cables but haven’t found one similar to the link you sent. It may take a bit a looking. Cheers Jodie

      Reply
  2. Found a vest pattern on Ravelry using hammer stitch. Couldn’t find info on net on hammer stitch. I’m a pretty basic knitter-simple things. What can you tell me about hammer stitch? Thanks.
    Jacki

    Reply
    • Hi Jacki

      This is new to me.

      Have you seen a chart or written instructions within the pattern for the vest to show how knitting this hammer stitch is created?

      I am assuming it is a repeated pattern but not sure.

      Cheers Jodie

      Reply
    • Hi Jacki. I am not familiar with this stitch. I too could not find it anywhere. I will get in touch via email. Cheers Jodie

      Reply
  3. I’m stuck on a pattern using cr.3lt ; I find it very tricky purling into the back of third stitch and then knitting front of 1st and 2nd stitches. Wonder if anyone knows how to easily do this?

    Reply
  4. Hi
    I would like to knit these 2 stitches: cr.3lt and cr.3rt but finding it extremely difficult. I get a hole between the third stitch and 1st and 2nd stitches and so not convinced I have interpreted the method correctly. Can’t find any reference to these stitches on the web either.
    The cr.3lt is explained thus: cross 3 left, p into back of 3rd st on left needle, then k into front of 1st and 2nd sts, allowing all 3 loops to fall from left needle.

    Reply

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